BLACK WOMEN AND SLAVERY
All women were denied certain privileges enjoyed by men,black women have had more oppression than other women..From 1619, when the first Blacks were stolen and brought to America, until 1865, when the Civil War ended, for two hundred- forty six years, many black women were owned by Whites and their titles were slaves. Many slaves were inspected,bought and sold like cattle, and they were forced to obey orders. Black women had to work in the fields all day; at times they were whipped; because they did not meet up to their daily quota of the day's harvest or the worked that was required for the workday schedule. Often, giving birth in the fields and returning back to work after giving birth.At times they whipped; sometimes their children were sold and removed to another state. If the slave husband tried to protect their wives or children they might be sold, whipped, or beaten to death. In those miserable times and situations the family responsibility very often fell upon the black woman. You see she had to comfort the children, and help her husband keep his courage and faith. Remember, her husband was a man but often treated as a savage beast and a child. In spite of many hardships,hate and mistreatment, the black women had to smother her tears and fears. Some had managed to help their husbands and children to escape to freedom. She had to plan to give her family a chance to survive. One of the most curious black slave women that many know is Harriet Tubman, escaped and returned back to the South time and time again until she had brought more than 300 slaves to freedom."
Harriet Ross Tubman
Samuel Green, was a former slave born in Dorchester, County, Maryland. Prior to being sold his name was documented in this preserved and documented as Wesley Kinnard. After his arrival his name was changed to Samuel Green. Samuel Green later became a minister in the A.M. E. church. He was arrested for owning and reading Uncle Tom's Cabin. He returned to Dorchester County Maryland in 1870 and passed away on February 28, 1877 in Baltimore, Maryland. He is interred in Laurel Defunct Cemetery, Baltimore, Maryland.
Sources:William Still, Journal C, Station Number 2, 1853-1854, p. 99. Maryland State Archives
WOMEN IN THE WHITE HOUSE
Elizabeth Hobbes Keckley
For the duration of the Civil War, that lasted for four years fighting between the North and the South, black women did not serve as soldiers but they were active in the war in other ways. They served as scouts,nurses and spies; and for those who could read and write. They helped to teach the newly freed black people. One woman who did no active army work should be remembered anyway, because she was the dressmaker and friend of Mrs. Mary Todd Lincoln, whose husband was President Abraham Lincoln.
Photo Courtesy: Howard University
Women of Courage and Truth
Dr. Dorothy Irene Height
April 20, 2010
Photo Courtesy: Dorothy Height